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Kudos (κύδος) Jul 4, 2015

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/English_words_of_Greek_origin

The Greek language has contributed to the English vocabulary in five main ways:

• Vernacular borrowings;
• Learned borrowings from classical Greek;
• A few borrowings via Arabic scientific and philosophical writing;
• Coinages in post-classical Latin or modern languages using classical Greek roots, or a mixture of Greek and other roots; these are often shared among the modern European languages, including Modern Greek;
• Direct borrowings from Modern Greek, e.g. bouzouki.

=== === ===

But by far the largest Greek contribution to English vocabulary is the huge number of scientific, medical, and technical neologisms that have been coined by compounding Greek roots and affixes to produce novel words which never existed in the Greek language: utopia (1516, οὐ 'not' + τόπος 'place'), zoology (1669, ζῷον + λογία), hydrodynamics (1738, ὕδωρ + δυναμικός), photography (1834, φῶς + γραφικός), oocyte (1895, ᾠόν + κύτος), helicobacter (1989, ἕλιξ + βακτήριον). Such terms are coined in all the European languages, and spread to the others freely—including to Modern Greek.

Many Greek affixes such as anti- and -ic have become productive in English, combining with arbitrary English words:antichoice, Fascistic.


=== === ===

Finally, with the growth of tourism, some words reflecting modern Greek culture have been borrowed into English—many of them originally borrowings into Greek themselves: retsina, souvlaki, taverna (< Italian), ouzo (disputed etymology),moussaka (< Turkish < Arabic), baklava (< Turkish), feta (< Italian), bouzouki (< Turkish), gyro (the food, a calque of Turkish döner).


[Edited at 2015-07-04 19:32 GMT]


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QHE
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“It's Greek to Me” Jul 5, 2015




'Everyone's using your theorem, Pythagoras. I told you you should have patented it.'






Hippocrates wraps up his first press conference...



Socrates



Conference on the Control of Time and Space.
Left to Right: Isaac Newton, Aristotle, HG Wells, Ptolemy, Isaac Asimov, Albert Einstein, Galileo, Copernicus.

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QHE
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Planets Jul 7, 2015


wherestip wrote:
Funny crosstalk on The McLaughlin Group 6/19/15
http://www.mclaughlin.com/video.htm?i=1071

MCLAUGHLIN: He (Galileo) had a theory of heliocentrism. Do you know what that is?




Heliocentrism, the word comes from the Greek (ἥλιος helios "sun" and κέντρονkentron "center").



Across The Universe - The Beatles
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Cb7WA9PbTEI

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=o4m1tcSQCKM

The planets Op. 32 - Jupiter, the Bringer of Jollity - Gustav Holst
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=T0Fx24Xzc3U

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_XgWLMofmQ4







[Edited at 2015-07-07 02:22 GMT]

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QHE
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吴印咸 (Wu Yinxian) Jul 10, 2015


Work of legendary photographer on display in Beijing
http://www1.chinadaily.com.cn/culture/art/2015-07/09/content_21229417.htm

http://art.ifeng.com/2015/0709/1990370.shtml



Dr. Norman Bethune (白求恩)

[Edited at 2015-07-10 01:10 GMT]

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QHE
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Legends Jul 11, 2015


A Tale

Once in olden times,
In a faery land,
A horseman made his way
Over the thorny steppe.

He was hastening to battle,
And far across the steppe,
Out of the dust a forest
Darkly rose to meet him.

An aching in his bosom,
A gnawing in his heart:
Fear the watering-place,
Tighten the saddle girth.

The rider did not listen
And rode on at full speed,
Going ever faster
Towards the wooded mound.

Turning at the barrow,
He entered a dry gap,
Passed beside a meadow,
Rode over a hill.

And finally reached a hollow,
And by a forest path
Came upon animal footprints
And a watering-place.

And deaf to any warning,
And heedless of his sense,
He led his steed down the bankside
To water him at the stream.

---------
By Boris Pasternak - Doctor Zhivago



Movie Legend - Omar Sharif
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=JBIGFi6TzfY&list=PLBqM8HoQIPlaoXJ8iVacRoCWZY-YWmNal

Behind-the-scenes of 'Doctor Zhivago'
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ihKuDCD8qjo

Mireille Mathieu & Omar Sharif
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uRJiEGg82ys

"Il était une fois ma vie" - Omar Sharif
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=a7eKor9l1Xo


"However far back you delve in your memory, you have always discovered yourself in some external, active manifestation of yourself, in the work of your hands, in your family, in others… The soul of man is man's presence in other people. This is what you are, this is what your consciousness has breathed, and fed on and enjoyed throughout your life. Your soul, your immortality, your life in others. And what then? You have been in others and you will remain in others."


― Boris Pasternak, Doctor Zhivago

[Edited at 2015-07-11 16:15 GMT]

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pkchan  Identity Verified
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昨日星光 Jul 12, 2015

奧馬沙里夫逝世,就像在天文望遠鏡裏的一些「暗星」:光芒還見到,但那顆太陽在許多光年之外,真實早已熄滅了,只是嚥的最後一口氣,在光年距離,你還見到。

一九六二年他憑「沙漠裊雄」走紅,三年之後在「齊瓦哥醫生」中做主角。奧馬沙里夫是埃及人,很有才華,可是不懂得珍惜。成名之後沉迷賭博和女色──他說每演一齣戲,就要跟女主角上床,然而「齊瓦哥醫生」女主角茱莉姬絲蒂例外,不是她不喜歡他,而是她在片場等進鏡的時候吃雞蛋三文治的神態,奧馬沙里夫說,令他對她沒有了胃口。

然後是賭錢。拍「沙漠裊雄」時,奧馬沙里夫誤交損友,這位損友就是彼得奧圖。彼得奧圖不但帶這位新秀四處「滾女」,還一起進賭場。彼得奧圖隨拍戲,隨輸掉片酬,奧馬沙里夫也染上賭癖,後來曾經一夜在巴黎輸掉一千萬港幣。

但豪華生活過慣了,卻已無心再拍好戲。奧馬沙里夫流連歐洲所有的賭場。每賭皆輸,只是對橋牌頗有心得,還著書教人玩橋牌,然而奧馬沙里夫終究是阿拉伯人,太過衝動,歐洲的上流社會看不上這位過氣巨星,荷李活又回不去,最後寂寞孤清,回到埃及,長居紅海畔的一家五星酒店,患上了腦退化。

晚年神采盡失,只是一名潦倒憔悴的阿拉伯老頭。然而,曾幾何時,在銀幕上,他是黑衣武士,從沙漠的烈日落處孤騎獨行;也是俄羅斯的醫生詩人,在冰雪隆冬中歸來故居,打開門,桌上一盤黃菊,他用手拭抹窗上的六角形雪花,一線陽光透進來。

那一丸落日,一縷神光,不就是宇宙深處一顆星的距離?燦爛過眼,最後都歸沉寂,有一天,你歸來而回顧,人生的餘光盡歛,滿目是荒藍的風景,一片繁華,已經是一顆死星。

陶傑《黃金冒險號2015年07月12日》


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QHE
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物质不灭 Jul 12, 2015

pkchan wrote:
但豪華生活過慣了,卻已無心再拍好戲。奧馬沙里夫流連歐洲所有的賭場。每賭皆輸,只是對橋牌頗有心得,還著書教人玩橋牌,然而奧馬沙里夫終究是阿拉伯人,太過衝動,歐洲的上流社會看不上這位過氣巨星,荷李活又回不去,最後寂寞孤清,回到埃及,長居紅海畔的一家五星酒店,患上了腦退化。

晚年神采盡失,只是一名潦倒憔悴的阿拉伯老頭。然而,曾幾何時,在銀幕上,他是黑衣武士,從沙漠的烈日落處孤騎獨行;也是俄羅斯的醫生詩人,在冰雪隆冬中歸來故居,打開門,桌上一盤黃菊,他用手拭抹窗上的六角形雪花,一線陽光透進來。

那一丸落日,一縷神光,不就是宇宙深處一顆星的距離?燦爛過眼,最後都歸沉寂,有一天,你歸來而回顧,人生的餘光盡歛,滿目是荒藍的風景,一片繁華,已經是一顆死星。

陶傑《黃金冒險號2015年07月12日》



陶傑(曹捷)在这篇编写的段子里不失他消极负面的文风。

我倒是觉得实际的情形不一定与他的表象描述相符; 正如他意指的:我们所见的恒星不代表星球的现状。物质是不灭的,没有绝对的 “死星”;天体的引力场强大到连光都无法逃逸才被称为黑洞。

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dqr7d-OLPXI
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=KpxoknyYydI

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wherestip  Identity Verified
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~3.6 billion miles away Jul 12, 2015

http://www.cnn.com/videos/us/2015/07/10/new-horizons-pluto-3-billion-mile-journey-orig.cnn-nasa

http://www.cnn.com/videos/weather/2015/07/12/pluto-geology-nasa-van-dam-cnni-nr-lklv.cnn

~*~*~*~*~*


http://www.cnn.com/2015/07/09/us/12-things-to-know-about-pluto/
12 things to know about Pluto
By Amanda Barnett, CNN


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wherestip  Identity Verified
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De mortuis nil nisi bonum Jul 12, 2015

QHE wrote:


陶傑(曹捷)在这篇编写的段子里不失他消极负面的文风。



I agree ... IMO, the article is uncouth to say the least.

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=P3zrSTJGnnc
Actor Omar Sharif, best known for his roles in classic films Lawrence of Arabia and Doctor Zhivago, has died aged 83
David Sillito looks back at the life of Omar Sharif, BBC



~*~*~*~*~*



http://www.gossipcop.com/omar-sharif-dead-stars-react-celebrity-twitter-reaction-tributes-death-dies-heart-attack/


Omar Sharif Dead At 83: Stars React, Mourn Legendary Actor With Twitter Tributes
By Minyvonne Burke | 11:13 am, July 10th, 2015


Legendary actor Omar Sharif died in a hospital at the age of 83 from a heart attack on Friday in Cairo, Egypt, and stars are taking to Twitter with reactions to the sad news. The news was confirmed by Sharif’s agent, and comes after recent reports that said Sharif was battling Alzheimer’s. Sharif was best known for his roles in films such Doctor Zhivago, Lawrence of Arabia, Funny Girl, Che!, and The Pink Panthere Strikes Again.

Sharif earned an Oscar nomination for his role as Sherif Ali in Lawrence of Arabia, and went on to win a Golden Globe in 1963 for his performance in the film. Lawrence of Arabia helped propel Sharif’s career, and he went on to star in a number of other classic movies. He won another Golden Globe in 1966 for Doctor Zhivago. Sharif’s last role was in 2013 as Moulay Hassan in Rock the Casbah.

Shortly after news broke of Sharif’s death, his The 13th Warrior co-star Antonio Banderas, tweeted, “My great friend Omar Sharif has passed away. I will always miss him. He was one of the best. D.E.P.” Rosie O’Donnell posted, “Nicky Arnstein – Nicky Armstein – what a beautiful beautiful name …#ThankYou #OmarSharif,” referring to his Funny Girl role. Actor Matthew Modine wrote, “Thank you #OmarSharif – thank you for your intelligence, elegance & style. you made an indelible mark on cinema #RIP.” And Wendell Pierce mourned, “Elegance & Grace. Omar Sharif was a brilliant artist. He transported me to distant worlds in his films. A true Movie Star! Rest in Peace.”

Josh Gad tweeted that he was “sad” to hear the news, adding, “ I grew up on Lawrence and Zhivago. A legacy with not one but multiple timeless classics.” Roland Emmerich, posted, “Very saddened by the passing of Omar Sharif. Blessed that I was able to work with such a legend. Love to the family.” Rose McGowan said she wanted Sharif to “say hi to my friend” Peter O’Toole, who died in December 2013. She added, “Thank you for bestowing your gifts on us. #omarsharif #legend.” And Larry King tweeted, “I knew Omar Sharif very well & adored him. A dashing, bright, honest, classy, wonderful guy and a great bridge player! I miss you, Omar.”

Alec Baldwin retweeted, “Rest in peace the great Omar Sharif,” while Debra Messing posted, “RIP OMAR SHARIF growing up Funny Girl was my fav movie and I identified with BS and fell in love with this gorgeous exotic man. #1stlove.” Sharif’s Funny Girl co-star Barbara Streisand released a statement about the actor’s death, saying, “Omar was my first leading man in the movies. He was handsome, sophisticated and charming. He was a proud Egyptian and in some people’s eyes, the idea of casting him in Funny Girl was considered controversial” She added, “Yet somehow, under the direction of William Wyler, the romantic chemistry between Nicky Arnstein and Fanny Brice transcended stereotypes and prejudice. I feel lucky to have had the opportunity to work with Omar, and I’m profoundly sad to hear of his passing.”




[Edited at 2015-07-12 20:13 GMT]


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wherestip  Identity Verified
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One word ... Jul 12, 2015



... Wisdom.

Thanks for the clips, QHE.


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QHE
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Life Cycle of Stars Jul 12, 2015



“We are all star stuff.” Carl Sagan



[Edited at 2015-07-14 00:00 GMT]


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ysun  Identity Verified
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Naming Pluto Jul 15, 2015

Venetia Burney: The 11-Year-Old Girl Who Named Pluto

http://mentalfloss.com/article/48673/venetia-burney-11-year-old-girl-who-named-pluto


https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pluto
The name Pluto, after the god of the underworld, was proposed by Venetia Burney (1918–2009), a then eleven-year-old schoolgirl in Oxford, England, who was interested in classical mythology.[36] She suggested it in a conversation with her grandfather Falconer Madan, a former librarian at the University of Oxford's Bodleian Library, who passed the name to astronomy professor Herbert Hall Turner, who cabled it to colleagues in the United States.

The object was officially named on 24 March 1930.[37][38] Each member of the Lowell Observatory was allowed to vote on a short-list of three: Minerva (which was already the name for an asteroid), Cronus (which had lost reputation through being proposed by the unpopular astronomer Thomas Jefferson Jackson See), and Pluto. Pluto received every vote.[39] The name was announced on 1 May 1930.[36] Upon the announcement, Madan gave Venetia £5 (equivalent to £282, or $430 USD in 2015),[40] as a reward.


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Prof. Stephen Hawking Congratulates the NASA New Horizons Team Jul 15, 2015

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ew6qPYo4PyI

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Message from President Obama Jul 15, 2015

https://twitter.com/POTUS/statuses/621133763385425920



Pluto just had its first visitor! Thanks @NASA - it's a great day for discovery and American leadership.




[Edited at 2015-07-15 14:38 GMT]


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QHE
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Pluto & Plutonium Jul 15, 2015


Plutonium
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plutonium

Plutonium (specifically, plutonium-238) was first produced and isolated on December 14, 1940, and chemically identified on February 23, 1941, by Glenn T. Seaborg, Edwin McMillan, Joseph W. Kennedy, and Arthur Wahl by deuteron bombardment of uranium in the 60-inch (150 cm) cyclotron at the Berkeley Radiation Laboratory at the University of California, Berkeley.[53][54] In the 1940 experiment, neptunium-238 was created directly by the bombardment but decayed by beta emission with a half-life of a little over two days, which indicated the formation of element 94.[31]

McMillan had recently named the first transuranic element neptunium after the planet Neptune, and suggested that element 94, being the next element in the series, be named for what was then considered the next planet, Pluto.[5][note 2] Nicholas Kemmer of the Cambridge team independently proposed the same name, based on the same reasoning as the Berkeley team.[22]



Space-facts

* SYMBOLISM: Mind (crescent) transcending matter (cross) to reach for divine spirit (circle)


Electrical power for the New Horizons spacecraft

The New Horizons spacecraft derives its electrical power from a radioisotope thermoelectric generator (RTG), a lightweight, compact spacecraft power system that is extraordinarily reliable. An RTG has no moving parts, and uses neither fission nor fusion processes to produce energy. Instead, it provides power through the natural radioactive decay of plutonium (mostly Pu-238, a non-weapons-grade isotope). The heat generated by this natural process is changed into electricity by a solid-state thermoelectric converter. RTGs enable spacecraft to operate at significant distances from the Sun or in other areas where solar power systems would not be feasible. They remain unmatched for power output, reliability and durability by any other power source for missions to the outer solar system. The United States has an outstanding record of safety in using RTGs.

http://pluto.jhuapl.edu/common/content/missionGuide/NH_MissionGuide.pdf
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alan_Stern



[Edited at 2015-07-15 23:25 GMT]

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泰晤士(TIMES)四合院儿

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